Acquisition x Learning.
Research that have been and are being held, have discussed a lot about the acquisition and learning of languages.
The acquisition is a natural assimilation process, intuitive, subconscious interaction result in real situations of human society in which the student participates as an active subject, developing practical skills and functional skills on the tongue.
The acquisition process is similar to the assimilation of the mother tongue by children. This assimilation takes place by the interaction of the child with the people that surround it, as family and community. The child develops familiarity with the phonetics of the language and its structure. Also acquires vocabulary and ability to oral understanding, in order to understand and be understood in different situations, allowing a creative communication. An approach that is based on the acquisition strengthens and encourages the communicative act, leading the student to have a better development of language and acquire self-confidence when using it.
The acquisition of the tongue is required to achieve the flow. But both the acquisition and the flow will only be acquired by a comprehensible input. This input is by hearing or reading over a period of time.
Unlike what many people think the acquisition is not the result of speech. The ability to speak a new language is a result of the acquisition of language. As children, we need a period of silence to assimilate the new language, after this period, we can reproduce phrases and also create them.
Learning is a conscious process where the approach is based on the traditional teaching of the language. With intellectual effort and ability and deductive logic, tries to learn the workings of language and it is hoped that through the written language the student understands and can develop the ability to speak the language, which often does not occur.
People who are supposed to be prepared to teach a language, often fail to achieve fluency as it did not develop the acquisition of language but the learning of language structure.
According to Dr. Krashen, acquisition is responsible for fluency in the new language and learning (formal knowledge) can be used to correct made constructions
by the learner; with it he states in his research the superiority of the acquisition on the learning, teaching of a foreign language process.
The end result of this paper is to bring to the attention of everyone to avoid learner's frustration is necessary to choose the appropriate method of teaching or learning, because for each type there is the best method to be applied.